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ISSN: 2007-9753
Latindex Folio: 23614

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Bioethanol production as a strategy for the sustainable energy transition in Jalisco, State, Mexico

Tipo: Articulos de Divulgación
Autor: Márquez-Rosales, A., Rumbo-Morales, J.Y., Orozco-Torres, A.F., Salas-Villalobos, A.U., Ortiz-Torres, G., Sorcia-Vázquez, F.J.
Fecha: 2024-03-01
Descripción: The global trend in recent years has shown a growing inclination towards the utilization of bioethanol as an additive in gasoline. As Mexico continues its journey towards a sustainable energy transition, it becomes imperative to dissect the national landscape to identify potential areas for fostering the development of the ethanol industry within the country. Jalisco emerges as a frontrunner among federal entities due to its significant production of key raw materials (such as agave, sugarcane, and corn) essential for anhydrous alcohol production. This study aims to align with the objectives outlined by the Secretary of Energy of Mexico (SENER) [1] by conducting an in-depth analysis of the current scenario regarding the feasibility of large-scale bioethanol production in the country. The findings reveal Jalisco's advantageous position compared to other federal entities for the generation of second-generation ethanol. With a substantial amount of agricultural residues available, particularly sugarcane and agave bagasse, and a robust infrastructure comprising established sugar mills, Jalisco presents fertile ground for bioethanol production. In an optimal scenario, utilizing 50% of the agave and sugarcane bagasse annually recovered in Jalisco could yield approximately 614 and 128 million liters of bioethanol, respectively. However, a significant hurdle lies in current policies restricting the free distribution of E10 ethanol in metropolitan areas across the country. Consequently, the lack of conducive policy frameworks renders investment in biofuel generation projects unappealing to potential investors. Keywords: Bioethanol, biofuels, food sovereignty, biomass.
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